Differential Effects of Thiopeptide and Orthosomycin Antibiotics on Translational GTPases
Chemistry & Biology, 2011, DOI 10.1016/j.chembiol.2011.03.010, Volume 18, Issue 5, 589-600 published on 27.05.2011
The ribosome is a major target in the bacterial cell for antibiotics. Here, we dissect the effects that the thiopeptide antibiotics thiostrepton (ThS) and micrococcin (MiC) as well as the orthosomycin antibiotic evernimicin (Evn) have on translational GTPases. We demonstrate that, like ThS, MiC is a translocation inhibitor, and that the activation by MiC of the ribosome- dependent GTPase activity of EF-G is dependent on the presence of the ribosomal proteins L7/ L12 as well as the G0 subdomain of EF-G. In contrast, Evn does not inhibit translocation but is a potent inhibitor of back-translocation as well as IF2-dependent 70S-initiation complex formation. Collectively, these results shed insight not only into fundamental aspects of translation but also into the unappreciated specificities of these classes of translational inhibitors.