Swi2/Snf2 remodelers: hybrid views on hybrid molecular machines
Structural Biology, 2012, DOI 10.1016/j.sbi.2012.02.007, Volume 22, Issue 2, Pages 225-233 published on 16.04.2012
Swi2/Snf2 (switch/sucrose non-fermentable) enzymes form a large and diverse class of proteins and multiprotein assemblies that remodel nucleic acid:protein complexes, using the energy of ATP hydrolysis. The core Swi2/Snf2 type ATPase domain belongs to the ‘helicase and NTP driven nucleic acid translocase’ superfamily 2 (SF2). It serves as a motor that functionally and structurally interacts with different targeting domains and functional modules to drive a plethora of remodeling activities in chromatin structure and dynamics, transcription regulation and DNA repair. Recent progress on the interaction of Swi2/Snf2 enzymes and multiprotein assemblies with their substrate nucleic acids and proteins, using hybrid structural biology methods, illuminates mechanisms for complex chemo-mechanical remodeling reactions. For Mot1, a hybrid mechanism of remodeler and chaperone emerged.