Discovery and Mutagenicity of a Guanidinoformimine Lesion as a new Intermediate of the Oxidative Deoxyguanosine Degradation Pathway
Jacs, 2012, DOI: 10.1021/ja211435d, 134 (10), pp 4925–4930 published on 13.02.2012
Oxidative degradation of DNA is a major mutagenic process. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) produced in the course of oxidative phosphorylation or by exogenous factors are known to attack preferentially deoxyguanosine. The latter decomposes to give mutagenic lesions, which under physiological conditions are efficiently repaired by specialized maintenance systems in the cell. Although many intermediates of the degradation pathway are today well-known, we report in this study the discovery of a new intermediate with an interesting guanidinoformimine structure. The structure elucidation of the new lesion was possible by using HPLC–MS techniques and organic synthesis. Finally we report the mutagenic potential of the new lesion in comparison to the known lesions imidazolone and oxazolone using primer extension and pyrosequencing experiments.